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Bhagavad Gita: The Key Source of Modern Management & Happiness

Do you know about “Bhagavad Gita”?….

What is it?…

Is it only a religious, holy book or something else?…

Answer is here, World’s Greatest Influencers, International Motivational Speaker, Leadership Consultant & Business Coach-Dr. Vivek Bindra mentioned key highlights about “Bhagavad Gita” such as:

  • Convert Failures into Life-changing Opportunities.
  • Improve Focus and Concentration power.
  • Learn Authentic and Ethical Living.
  • Explore Leadership Qualities by taking ownership.
  • Goal Setting with Success roadmap design.

In Sum, it is a complete “Knowledge Manual”.

Let’s discuss in details:

Bhagavad Gita the most holy book in the Hindu philosophy. Lord Krishna through this book teaches not only Arjuna but also the entire world the deep, universal truth of life that speaks to the need and aspirations of everyone. Also known as the song of god. It was written about five thousand years ago as part of the Mahabharata.

Management lesson:

There is an important difference between effectiveness and efficiency in managing.

  • Effectiveness is doing the right things.
  • Efficiency is doing things right.

 The general principles of effective management can be applied in every field.

The Manager’s functions can be summed up as:

  • Forming a vision.
  • Planning the strategy to realize the vision.
  • Cultivating the art of leadership.
  • Establishing institutional excellence.
  • Building an innovative organization.
  • Developing human resources.

Thus, management is a process of aligning people and getting them committed to work for a common goal to the maximum social benefit – in search of excellence.


The critical question in all managers’ minds is how to be effective in their job. The answer to this fundamental question is found in the Bhagavad Gita, which mentioned that “you must try to manage yourself.”

The reason is that unless a manager reaches a level of excellence and effectiveness, he or she will be just a face in the crowd.

The modern (Western) management concepts of vision, leadership, motivation, excellence in work, achieving goals, giving work meaning, decision making and planning, are all discussed in the Bhagavad Gita.

There is one major difference.

The western approach to management more focused in exploring the external world but Bhagavat Gita approach to management is exploring the inner world of an individual.

Once the basic thinking of man is improved, it will automatically enhance the quality of his actions and their results.

The source of the problem

The Western idea of management, making the worker (and the manager) more efficient and more productive. Companies offer workers more to work more, produce more and sell more.

The only aim of extracting better and more work from the worker, is to improve the bottom-line of the enterprise. The worker has become a hireable commodity, which can be used, replaced and discarded at will.

Western management philosophy may have created prosperity for some people some of the time at least – but it has failed in the aim of ensuring betterment of individual life and social welfare

Solution as per Gita: management should focus on the overall aspects of an employee as a person, as a human being and not just a wage earner.

Utilization of available resources

The first lesson of management science is to choose wisely and utilize limited resources optimally. During the Mahabharata War, Duryodhana chose Sri Krishna’s large army for his help while Arjuna selected Sri Krishna’s wisdom for his support. This episode gives us a clue as to the nature of the effective manager – the former chose numbers, the latter, wisdom.

Work Commitment

A popular verse of the Gita recommends “detachment” from the fruits or results of actions. Being dedicated work has to mean “working for the sake of work, generating excellence for its own sake.” If we are always calculating the date of promotion or the rate of commission before putting in our efforts, then such work is not detached. It is not “generating excellence for its own sake” but working only for the extrinsic reward that may (or may not) result.

Thus the best means of effective performance management is the work itself


Basic needs of an individual are adequate food, clothing & shelter and these are the key factors in motivation. “Work must be done with detachment.” It is the ego that spoils work and the ego is the centrepiece of most theories of motivation. We need not a theory of motivation but a theory of inspiration. One saying is there- we cannot motivate to anyone-we can only inspire an individual to be motivated.

The Great Indian poet, Rabindranath Tagore (1861-1941, known as “Gurudev”) says working for love is freedom in action. A concept which is described as “disinterested work” in the Gita where Sri Krishna says.

Work culture

Sri Krishna elaborates on two types of work culture i.e. divine work culture and demonic work culture.

  • Divine work culture –means positivity is there in the organization. it involves fearlessness, self-control, sacrifice,  
  • Demonic work culture – involves ego, negativity is there.

The Gita further explains the theory of “detachment” from the extrinsic rewards of work in saying:

  • If the result of sincere effort is a success, the entire credit should not be given to only one individual, although its team work-
  • If the result of sincere effort is a failure, then too the entire blame does not be given to one individual only, its again team responsibilities.

Manager’s mental health

Manager or leader must be have positive thinking. There should not be any kind of ego. “Whatever the excellent and best ones do, the commoners follow,” says Sri Krishna in the Gita. The visionary leader must be a missionary, extremely practical, intensively dynamic and capable of translating dreams into reality.


Bhagavad Gita is associated with the enhancement of an individual’s efficiency and effectiveness towards a desired goals. It disseminates the fear and changes the weakness into strength of an individual. Each individual in the universe has their own potential to the infinity.

Dedication Towards Work – A popular verse of Gita advises the detachment of expectations of desired outcomes from completing any work. Similarly, an individual must focus in accomplishing the work not in the outcomes associated with it.

Selfless Work – Lord Krishna advices Arjuna to fight the battle for the betterment of the universe. He reminded Arjuna the purpose of war which is for the betterment of world towards the right way of living (Dharma), not for his own benefit, not for satisfying his own greed or desires. Thus, in an organization every individual should work by subordinating his individual interest under the organizational interest.

Work as Identity – As per Bhagavad Gita a human’s identity is not defined by his caste, color and the family he belongs from but a human’s identity is defined from his actions and the way he behaves with others. It is same in context with management an individual’s identity is his capabilities, his work and his behavior with his superiors, sub-ordinates and peers.

Emotional Intelligence – According to Bhagavad Gita, We should not get overconfident from our small victories and we should not feel so depressed after every small failures, we should constantly work towards our purpose. Similarly in management we must continue our work towards the betterment of the organization against all odds.

Acceptability of Change – According to Lord Krishna, a person who has fear of change distracts himself from the right way of living (Dharma) and does unethical actions. Alike, a person in management should not fear change and accept the change.

Intentions – Lord Krishna says that Intention is the essence to get the desired goals. Any work with good intention is always accomplished with desired goals. Equivalently, a manager’s intention towards the goal should be clear and achievable which differentiate him from others.

Stable Mind (a key to success) – In the middle of the battle field, Lord Krishna says that human life is like a battle within mind and soul, a human must keep his mind stable, to analyse the situation and can make effective decision in order to win the situation. In the same way, a manager should try to keep his mind calm and take effective decision to overcome every challenges.

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